My 8 Tips for Writing a Good Summary: I discover over years that Summary writing is one of the areas most students have difficulties with in English language exams, in view of that I have taken out time to shed more light on the topic.
In this article I will be explaining in details the meaning of Summary, the Step-by-step guide on how to write a summary as well as how to tackle exams questions on summary writing.
A summary is a condensed version of a passage or essay. It contains the major highlights of a passage read. The skill of writing Summaries is essential to both students and workers. Students may be required at school to summarize a given passage, topics treated in a prescribed text or even notes taken in class in preparation for examination. On the job, you may be required to summarize the proceedings of a meeting, an even or seminar attended, and task executed. The purpose of the summary determines how to go about it. For example, Students are often given articles to read followed by questions to guide their summary. Here are a few guidelines:
8 Steps In Writing a Good Summary.
1. Skim the reading selection to get an overview of it.
2. Read the Summary question and commit them to memory. The questions will guide you in identifying what aspects should be summarized. Memorizing the questions saves time and energy.
3. Read the passage now with great care and strike to understand it. Using your knowledge of paragraph development, (which I will be treating in my next article) try to locate the main ideas. Underline them to narrow your focus to relevant portions of the text.
4. Answer the Summary Questions in your Own words. Avoid mindless lifting of phrases or sentences from the text. Your answer should be as concise and clear as possible. However, in a bid to write in your own words, do not do away with major words in the original version of the sentences been summarized if need be. Note that examples and supporting details should be ignored.
5. Every word in the summarized version must count. Avoid using any repetition or redundant expression. Strip the keywords for modifiers, except if these are necessary for clarity. Any irrelevant expression attracts a penalty.
6. Where the question demands you to give your answers in a given number of sentences, do so. Do not write sentence fragments.
7. Do not base your answer on a personal and prior knowledge of the subject. Your summary must be base on whatever information the given passage presents.
8. Your sentences must be error free. You must make sure you avoid errors in your sentences to make your summary look unique and reader friendly.